Secondary sources are interpretations of events written after an examination of primary sources and usually other secondary sources, such as books and journal articles. Historians' accounts are usually called 'secondary sources', in order to distinguish them from the 'primary' source material on which they are based. However, 'secondary source' is not an entirely satisfactory term. It suggests a hierarchy of importance, with 'secondary' writings ranking less highly than 'primary' sources. This can lead the unwary student into assuming that primary sources must somehow be a more direct - and therefore more accurate - reflection of the past.
Ebooks or electronic books can be accessed via Library Search
Here are some other useful shelfmarks for history:
940.53 World War Two
262/282 Irish catholic church history, church and politics
301.44 History of class
508 History of Irish natural history
700-709 Art history, critical, cultural politics, aesthetics
900-907 Historiography and historical method and tools
Liberty Hall in Dublin during the 1916 Rising.
Any leftover of the past can be considered a source. It might well be a document, and we often think of history as a textual discipline, based on the interpretation of written texts, but it might also be a building, a piece of art or an ephemeral object – a train ticket, say, or perhaps a pair of shoes. These are all 'sources' because they all provide us in different ways with information which can add to the sum of our knowledge of the past.
Sources only become historical evidence, however, when they are interpreted by the historian to make sense of the past. The answers they provide will very much depend on the sorts of questions historians are asking. It all depends on what the historian wants to know. This is why it makes little sense to ask if something is 'good historical evidence', without knowing what evidence it's supposed to provide.
Primary sources are the raw materials of historical research - they are the documents or artifacts closest to the topic of investigation. Often they are created during the time period which is being studied (correspondence, diaries, newspapers, government documents, art) but they can also be produced later by eyewitnesses or participants (memoirs, oral histories). You may find primary sources in their original format (usually in an archive) or reproduced in a variety of ways: books, microfilm, digital, etc.
The National Archives holds records relating to all parts of Ireland. They provide excellent primary source material and are easily accessible to the public.
Helpful to researchers, those interested in the political, economic and social forces shaping the country and those interested in studying government policy.
If the book is out on loan, you can place a request on it, if there are no other copies available to borrow.
Borrowing from other libraries? Request an Interlibrary Loan - Available to Staff, Postgraduates & 4th Year Undergraduates ONLY.
Recommend a book? - Contact the Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences Librarian if you would like to recommend a book we should buy for the library.
Try this first:
Put the exact title of the article in inverted commas.
If we can provide an instant link you will see the journal article displayed - click Online Access or Fulltext available online to access the text.
If we cannot provide a quick article link or it fails, then search for the name of the whole Journal instead of the article title e.g. "Journal of Common Market Studies"
For print-only journals you will be shown the location and shelfmark, so that you can locate the volume on the shelf
For electronic journals, click to link to the full journal and then navigate to the year, volume and issue that you want to see your article: or there may be an option to search for the article title provided by the online journal portal in which case key in the article in that box.