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Finding and Using Information: Finding and Using Information

Downloadable slides from the library's online workshops 2021

Step 1 - What are you being asked to do?

Step 3 - What keywords will describe your topic?

Teenager young adult, adolescent, juvenile, teen
Older person aged, older persons, elderly, senior
Educate learn, teach, knowledge

The SAGE Handbook of Social Research Methods

Step 4 - How will you build your search?

Sample topic

What are the benefits of sports participation for teenagers?

Identifying key terms -the key terms for your search will be teenagers and sports

Choosing your search terms - examine all synonyms and related terms

teenagers, teen, teens, youth, young adult, adolescent, juvenile,

Sports, athletics, physical activity, physical activity

Combining search terms using boolean operators AND, OR, NOT

teenagers AND sports, will find all of your search terms and will also refine or focus your search

teenagers OR teens OR young adults, will include the alternate keywords and expand your search

teenagers NOT children, should exclude children and will narrow your search





Step 2 - Where will you find the information you need?

Books, journal articles, grey literature, internet searching...check for quality, evidence based, currency and authenticity.


How to find scholarly material for your research at UL Library

Step 5 - How will you manage your papers?

Set up an account on databases

Save your searches

Use Endnote, Mendelay, Zotero to store your papers for references

LibGuide for Referencing & Endnote


Take away tips for researching

  • Read the abstract
  • Build your keywords
  • Search by title and abstract
  • Use subject headings
  • Combine subject headings and free text keywords

Too many results...

  • Select some relevant, build your keywords and search again
  • Refine by year, study or review type

Too few results...

  • Select some relevant, build your keywords and search again
  • Use OR between words to expand your search